Respiratory medicine, otherwise known as pulmonology, is a subspecialty of internal medicine that deals with a wide range of diagnostic and therapeutic services for patients with conditions affecting the lungs and respiration, or breathing. The focus of respiratory care is to provide relief to individuals suffering from chronic lung and airway diseases. We utilize BPAP and CPAP as part of our respiratory treatment. CPAP stands for Constant Positive Airway Pressure, in other words, the pressure never varies. BPAP, or BiPAP, Bi meaning two, has two different pressures.
Reasons for Respiratory Care
Respiratory care services provide long-term therapy for patients of all ages with chronic respiratory illness. Respiratory illnesses include conditions of the upper respiratory tract, trachea and bronchi, as well as the nerves and muscles that impact breathing. These illnesses range in severity and may be triggered by a variety of factors, including infection following a viral illness, smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke and as a response to cold weather.
Types of Respiratory Illnesses
Respiratory care is effective for treating a wide range of illnesses that impact breathing patterns and the airways, including:
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, a lung condition that is defined by a person's inability to exhale normally, leading to breathing difficulties
- Chronic bronchitis
- Emphysema, a form of COPD that occurs when the walls of the air sacs in the lungs become damaged, usually as a result of smoking
- Acute bronchitis, a sudden infection of the airways, usually caused by a virus
- Cystic fibrosis, a genetic condition that results in poor clearance of mucus from the bronchi, which leads to repeated lung infections
- Pneumonia, a bacterial or viral infection of the lung
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome, or ARDS, a life-threatening lung condition usually caused by a serious illness such as pneumonia or sepsis or trauma to the lung
- Pulmonary edema, a condition involving the leakage of fluid out of the small blood vessels and into the air sacs, which may be caused by heart failure or direct injury to the lungs
Outcome of Respiratory Care
For many patients, a carefully customized plan involving breathing therapies and medication can provide effective treatment. Respiratory care also focuses on educating the patient, so that he or she will be able to better manage the condition.
Benefits of Respiratory Care
Respiratory care services provide patients with many benefits, including the ability to manage their respiratory illness using both therapeutic and medical measures. These services focus on helping patients improve their breathing through various techniques to improve the patient's overall quality of life.
To learn more about our Respiratory Care Services, please contact us today at 516.431.2600.